PsychoPhysiological Stress/Recovery Profile
The goal of this test is to determine your response and recovery  pattern to catagories of stressors. We monitor your muscle, vascular, conductance [GSR], heart rate, breathing patterns.
Your reactions to different stimuli provide a snapshot of your ability to handle challenges. Equally important are your recovery times and the ability to return to baseline. This information is used to help design the NeuroBiofeedback training protocol.
The PsychoPhysiological Stress/Recovery Profile compares baseline physiologic responses during presumed state of relaxation and various stress stimuli.
It utilizes skin conductance (GSR), skin temperature (ST), Heart Rate Variability (HRV), Breathing and Depth Rate, and Muscle Tension (EMG.) measures. Light, image/s,  noise, simple calculus, reading, verbal disclosure and structured breathing reactions help fill out your particular profile.
EEG scans and training are performed according to the International 10-20 System, obligating standardized sensor positioning at recording cites.

This allows, location-wise, uniform recording, analysis and interpretation of EEG data.

To the right is displayed the image of the raw EEG pattern and their physiological meaning and occurrence.

In Neurofeedback, a software program sorts out the raw EEG data into bands and presents it to the trainee in a comprehensible way.
Training Program Outline:

Session breakdown:

Each session lasts 1 hour. It includes:

a)progress report;
b)review of immediate concerns;
c)review of home-based training results;
d)review of the session training objectives;
e)feedback training with coaching;
f)session progress review;
g)new home assignment/s;
h)periodically continuous performance tests.

Progress report and/or symptom-rating chart are first-hand tools. They allow the trainee to subjectively monitor experiences, challenges and progress out of the office.

Both the office and home training require full commitment. Any obstacle/s compromising the motivation and self-discipline with respect to age, gender, religion, social, ethnic and/or other nature are carefully discussed and put in a productive prospective. Working climate: is characterised by openness, trust and ability to exchange.Tjhe office training is based on associative conditioning through positive reinforcement.

Important part of the feedback training is the "homework". Every trainee is given specific exercises and routines to practice, with the purpose to anchor, master selected skill/s. The goal is to embed positive beliefs, new life-style/s, habits and routines, and integrate them with appropriate diet, exercise, social and religious practices accordingly.
The trainee is guided to control functions like: muscle tension, brainwave activity, temperature, skin conductance, breathing rate, heart rate, blood pressure, etc.
Every training session begins and ends with baseline-screening. Every trial is compared with the baseline and the previous ones to demonstrate the performance success. The trainee is encouraged to associate and integrate mental, emotional and physical response/s with the target function/s.
Performance and task accomplishment are displayed, compared and analysed - before, during and after each session.

enabling sustained performance to match the required skills.
Through classical Pavlovian and Operant Conditioning the trainee is encouraged to overcome target states, like: disturbing mood, compulsiveness, impulsive or hyperactive behavior, muscle tension, stress, sleepiness, insomnia, alertness, etc.
Fast Fourier Transform (FTT) is a mathematical algorithm, which computes the physiological data. It places them into specific "bins", attributed to the tested frequency bands. The results are statistically computed and displayed on the training screen.
Data are analyzed in the absolute, relative, and comparative domains in the delta, theta, alpha, beta, and gamma frequency bands.
Optimal Performance Training (OPT) is part of the mental, psychological, biometric and kinesthetic training.
The goal is to optimise automated and voluntary physical, mental and emotional processes - regardless of the environment.
Mastering the two basic physiological states: relaxation and open-eye focus are
universal for every single individual - regardless of age, gender, occupation, etc.
Self-regulation and self-control are natural states. They are based on self-respect and integrity.
The feedback training is a close-to-real time aid, targeting removal of barriers along the natural process of reaching excellency.
The feedback experience allows the trainee to continuously set new and more efficient performance standards, named the "zone of excellence". Energetically, this translates in better economy and efficiency. The metacognitive work is inseparable part of the package.
While this model is almost universally accepted, our position is that reaching and being in the “zone” is a highly specific and individual process. Individuals barely share same settings of “biological equilibrium”.
The animal- and human - based research and training models clearly demonstrated the benefit of the Neuro & Bio-feedback. The protocol - based (OPT) approach: “train, train, train... and it ll work”, in our view, requires careful consideration. We provide OPT as a highly personalised service and (PPP) is the starting point.
Most common benefits:
Improved reaction time
Better concentration
Significant reduction of distractability
Elimination of performance anxiety
Better self-assurance and self-confidence
Stronger visualization skills
Increased power, balance & consistency
Faster recovery time

Medication,drugs, alcohol and other stimulants are a very attractive way in reaching performance goals. They ensure a “zone-like” state, by artificially enforcing the desired state - without it being naturally invoked. Chemically-induced performance may seem quite efficient short-term solution, but in the long run - with serious consequences, side-effects and even dangerous.
Our (OPT) packages target CEOs, athletes, academics, special task force personnel, stock brokers, workforce in management and other professions with extreme stress exposure,
demanding composure under pressure, innovative solutions, etc.
Whenever a biological system sets into a mode of personal excellence, it adjusts to a more efficient level of functioning. This natural physiological process employs the “reward circuitry”.
The punishment circuitry, related to past negative experiences and fears, progressively moves to the background, mainly as a risk assessment reference.

The teaching model, developed by ALTER-ABC INC., is a product of our experience and research.
This is one of the reasons our company name includes “ABC”, i.e. "Assertiveness", "Balance", "Competence".
Neurofeedback requires high level of personal commitment and consistent practice to ensure sustainability and continuity of the positive reinforcement.
The trainee is instructed to master the skills and tools, learned in the office.
Real - time, and - life application and experience of “assertiveness”, “balance” and “competence” develop automated: self-control, awareness; and wilful: immediate and sustained attention; open focus, and concentration. Increasing the time, spent in alertness, yet relaxed, installs the energy-efficient mode of operation.
Individual practices like: meditation, diaphragmatic breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, creative visualization, optimistic approach and consistent healthy life-style, in combination with the Neurofeedback training, have a well-documented long-term benefit.
Appropriate daily routines, nutrition, work, sleep and body hygiene,complete the set of tools, related to anchoring new, positive habits.


Slide 4/12: Mountain biking is good
"The natural healing force within each of us, is the greatest force in getting well."
  Hippocrates


Setting up adequate, stimulating reward system anchors and promotes the expected behavioral changes, as well as desired skills. It is considered as as strong contributing factor.
For some this means sports activities, for others - arts, leizure, travel, new studies, etc.
Games, improving eye-hand coordination, broadening the eye focus, relaxation, entraining and developing the natural senses, or mind-games (cross-word puzzles, etc.) are known to be beneficial.
Try also the games we have posted as well.
The word biofeedback refers to a method of training through which a person is able to influence certain body processes that were formerly thought to be beyond voluntary control. In biofeedback training, electrodes are attached to the subject s skin to pick up physiological signals such as blood pressure, pulse rate, body temperature, muscle tension or brain activity, which are then displayed as audio and video signals such as sounds, colored lights and meter readings.

At the same time, the subject uses any one of a variety of relaxation techniques, such as proper body alignment, breathing techniques, visual imagery and progressive muscle relaxation in order to gain control of the processes being monitored. Biofeedback appeals to many patients as it helps them to feel some control over their healing.

It is especially useful in stress related conditions and spasmodic types of pain. It is often used in conjunction with visualization. Once you have learned to relax using biofeedback techniques, you can dispense with the machine monitoring and rely upon breathing exercise, visualization or some form of medication instead.

Sit or lie comfortably and observe good posture. Relax your jaw and breathe regularly through your nose, but while inhaling pretend to be breathing through your mouth. You can close your eyes or keep them open. Rest your hands or hand lightly on the painful area or the part of the body where you feel the uncomfortable sensation most.

As you take a slow, smooth breaths inwards, visualize a soothing jet of warm water flowing along your arm to your hand and through your fingers into the affected part. Imagine that the water has healing properties.
Optimal Performance Training (OPT)